Archive for the ‘Photography’ Tag

Instant Photography

What is it about instant photography? Sure, there’s the instant gratification of having your image straightaway, but you get that with digital too. Is it the fact that it is a print rather than just an image on the screen, something physical and somehow more real? Maybe, all I really know for sure is that I love it.


Here are a few results from my recent instant photography fun. All are shot with either my Polaroid 340 Land Camera or my Fuji Instax 100, shooting Fuji FP100C and Instax Wide respectively. Any spots, scratches and the like on the images are the result of a tired, old scanner and not the cameras themselves.


The Polaroid 340 Land Camera is older than me, they only made them between 1969 and 1971 according to one website I have seen, but fully functional. Not sure I can say the same about me. It was a real bargain – my Mum found it in her loft and gave it to me for free. There’s one picture of me as a baby taken with a Polaroid in one of her family photo albums and I suspect this was the last image taken with it until I got hold of it. Amazingly, the original battery in it was still working!


The Instax 100 was, at the time of its release, described as one of the ugliest cameras ever made. Strangely Fujifilm seem to have been happy with this and have tried to make subsequent Instax Wide cameras even uglier! However, I don’t care how it looks – only about the pictures it takes, which are great!


I need to spend more time using these two cameras, I can’t help but smile every time I do. Now, if only I could find a place to get the film packs cheap . . .16907828622_38259e9ab1_o 16286706064_d6beb59441_o 16289073673_99cbbb7737_o 16701765307_15f5f89cbd_o 16907823812_d7daece368_o


Homemade Lenses!

As an obsessive amateur photographer I have a lot of old and broken camera equipment sitting around and doing nothing. I’ve already started using my old SLR lenses on my Samsung NX100 and I started to wonder if there was a way I could make use of the broken equipment, after all I do not have the expertise to repair it properly so why not make use of it.

So I purchased a couple of NX lens mounts from eBay, two for less than a fiver including postage so still on a budget here, and started looking at what I had sitting around. I setled on trying to find a way to use a Carl Zeiss Jena Tessar 50mm on which the aperture ring had stopped working and the lens from an old Beirette that was bought for me as a gift but on which the film advance mechanism had given up the ghost.

Dismantling the Tessar was pretty straightforward, a few screws undone and the whole thing fell to pieces. Fortunately all the lens elements were held together in a single rigid unit – this also held the aperture itself which could be adjusted by a sliding switch on the side (the internal mechanism that moved it had broken). Getting the lens assembly off the Beirette took a bit more effort and meant the built in shutter wouldn’t fire but I didn’t need that anyway, as long as the lens elements and aperture were ok I was happy.

Firstly the Beirette’s lens, a 45mm Meritar. Using the simple method of holding it in front of the camera while no lens was mounted, I used the image on the screen to guesstimate the size of mount needed. Some superglue, a small M42 macro ring, the lens assemble and the NX mount soon resulted in a new NX mount lens (and some time spent unglueing my fingers).

With the Tessar I decided to try and be a bit more ambitious, I would manufacture my own tilt-shift type of lens – more lensbaby in style that the ludicrously expensive professional products. I’ve seen a few of these online and people generally use flexible rubber hosing to form the lens barrel but I thought that would be too easy and I would try and be clever (always a mistake). One trip to the pound shop later and I had some wire and some black rubberised sticky tape. The plan was to make some wire rings and tape them all together spaced out just right to give me a flexible tube that would hold it’s shape well. Unfortunately the plan was put into practice by me, so I ended up with a slightly wonky, unstable tube that looks awful. I decided to use it anyway, at least I could find out if the idea worked and then I could go get some proper tubing and redo it properly later.

This is what the two lenses looked like:

Meritar_0 Tessar_0

And here are a couple of test shots, taken in Avery Hill Park in Eltham, from a not very sunny day:



Meritar_2 Meritar_1



Tessar_1 Tessar_2


Check Flickr ( for more examples.


Ok, the Meritar doesn’t quite focus to infinity – my guesstimation of the mount was not quite right but it will be fine for close up work and most things except landscapes or very large objects. The Tessa worked remarkably well, definitely worth me putting it into a better tube sometime. Now I need to see what else I can modify like this – new lenses for pennies? That can only be a good addition to my budget photography plan!


New use for old glass

You are on a budget so, much though you might love to, you can’t buy all the new lenses you’d like. Sure the new 24mm Sigma lens looks cool but you have enough bank loans already and one for a camera lens might just break you – what do you do? Simple, use old lenses.

Chances are that if you are an obsessive budget photographer you probably already have an old film SLR or rangefinder and a collection of lenses. If not, go out and get one, they can be had very cheap. My own film SLR a is a Zenit 122 with an M42 mount, you can pick up M42 mount cameras for next to nothing and there are hundreds of lenses out there. I’ve got a Hanimex MC Auto 28mm, a Helios 44-4 58mm and a Jupiter 37A 135mm – all very cheap.

Of course the first use you should put all of this kit to is film photography! So go ahead, I’ll wait . . . still shooting? Ok, come back when you are done . . . good to go? Great.

Now for the other use you can put the lenses to, making your digital photography more interesting. Now, I have a Nikon D70 SLR but the focus screen is terrible for manual focusing – seriously, it is light years behind the Zenit for this. Instead I have a Samsung NX100 (bought cheap on eBay as it had no lens with it) that has a focus peeping (zoom) feature that makes manual focus a hundred times easier. It is possible to get better focusing screens fitted to modern DSLRs but for the price you can probably get different camera that will do better. Don’t get me wrong, I still love my D70 but it is only going to be used with autofocus lenses from now on.

But how can you use an ancient M42 mount lens on a fancy-shmancy digital camera-thingy? I hear you ask. Well by using an adapter of course! Some lovely people make adapters that allow the mounting of old lenses on new cameras, isn’t that nice of them? Of course they do charge for them, but as I got mine for £4, including postage, they don’t charge much.

Old film lenses are meant for what is now called ‘full frame’ when talking about sensor sizes so (depending on your sensor) you may have to do some recalculating to work out what the crop factor does to the focal length. To be honest, this doesn’t really matter all that much. Look at the image on the screen and you will soon get used to what each lens gives you.

If you are obsessive about your images being pin-sharp at all times then old lenses may disappoint you unless you use the smallest apertures at all times. Then again if you are obsessive about pin-sharp images you should probably save all you can and go for the newest and most expensive lenses. However, old lenses have a remarkable thing many modern lenses lack – character. If you use the same colour setting on your camera each lens will render the colours differently, there will be differences in the levels of contrast when shooting black and white. Also, as your old lenses are far more likely to be prime lenses than zooms the chances are they will have much wider apertures than your modern lenses. My two Nikon zooms have minimum apertures between 3.5 and 5.6 depending on the focal length (I also have the 50mm 1.8 but it is the only modern prime I own), my M42 lenses go from 2 to 3.5 as a minimum. Even at 3.5 there is a world of difference in terms of depth of field and bokeh.

Sometimes I am looking for a pin sharp image so I use my D70 and modern glass, it does the job great. Sometimes I am looking for something different though, and that is what old glass offers – some of the quirkiness of film photography with the convenience of digital.

We come to praise the Lomo LCA, not to bury him . . .

Yes, the title of this post is a little silly but I like it so there.

How is it that I like the Lomo LCA so much? I often find a lot of the whole lomography craze to be about people taking bad photographs and passing them off as art. I cannot afford most of what the Lomography Society sell (although I do covet a lot of it). But I love my LCA.

Bought for a low, low price on eBay because of a shutter issue, fixed with new batteries and a bit of poking around with a biro – somehow it works for me. As a small electronic item made in the Soviet Union in the 1980’s it probably shouldn’t even be working anymore but it does – and it often gets great images. I know the lens is supposed to be soft but I have never really noticed that, most of my images seem to come out of it pretty well. The ones that don’t are much more likely to be down to user error than the camera.

It is a 35mm point and shoot camera for those unitiated into it’s marvels, there are some manual settings for the aperture but the meter works so well I rarely bother with them. You can manually adjust the focus distance too, though I am not great at judging the distances based on the results when I try this. It fits well in your hand and is simple to use, at least for those of us who grew up using a film camera.

Somehow this simpole camera is my camera of choice, I almost always have it on me and love using it. Sure, I have better quality film and digital cameras – but this is the one I always come back to. Why? I don’t know, it just has some sort of magic.

Real budget photography – why ‘under $500’ isn’t the same as ‘budget’.

In the leadup to Christmas and over the course of the New Year sales there have been a lot of articles about buying ‘budget’ photography equipment. I consider myself to be a budget photographer but most of this ‘budget’ equipment is waaaaaaaaaaaaaay out of my price range. Under $500 is not ‘budget’, under $50 maybe but not under $500. So, I think it is time to promote and talk about REAL budget photography. I am going to try, there will be more posts about this but here’s the start.

First of all this is going to mostly mean used equipment and not very new used equipment at that. It is also going to mean any good, new equipment is probably a gift. At the moment I am a student (ok, as I am nearing forty I should probably say ‘mature student’) so I have got no money but even before that I did not have huge sums of money to spend on my hobby. And, yes, it is a hobby. I have no desire to be a professional wedding photographer – based on the sheer volume of articles about how to become a professional wedding photographer this must put me in a very tiny minority!

So, what equipment do I have? Less than I used to for a start. Being unemployed for almost a year and then becoming a student means you have to get money where you can. Anyway, here is some idea of what I have at the moment.

Zenit 122 – A film SLR from the old Soviet union, with an M42 lens mount, made while I was still at school. Bought from eBay for under £20 including delivery. I’ve got a 28mm Hanimex lens, a 58mm Helios and a 135mm Jupiter 37A to go with it, none of which cost over £20.

Nikon D70 – A digital SLR (about 6MP) bought from eBay for about £30 including postage. These were introduced in 2004 and were replaced by the D70S in 2006 so it isn’t exactly cutting edge. I have a Nikkor 50mm 1.8 (cheap due to a broken filter ring), a Nikkor 35-70mm that came with it and a Sigma 70-300mm that is my most expensive piece of camera equipment as I bought it new for about $150 while on holiday in Florida. I’ve also got a cheap Holga lens that fits it that I haven’t really managed to get to grips with.

Lomo LCA – A film point and shoot that I love, probably my favourite camera. Another eBay purchase for around £20 becuase it was listed as the shutter being stuck. Once I replaced the batteries and freed the shutter by poking it with a biro while travelling on the bus (true) it worked and has been reliable ever since.

Samsung NX100 – Around £30 on eBay because it had no lens with it. A digital mirrorless camera (about 14MP) and my newest. With the addition if a £4 adapter it now works with my M42 lenses!

Polaroid Land Camera – Takes Fuji peel-apart film. Free! Found in my mum’s attic having been unused since the mid-70s, worked fine straight away – even the battery still had power.

Fujifilm Instax 200 – £10 in a charity shop in full working order, what a bargain! Yes, it is one of the ugliest cameras ever made but it is fun.

Lomo Konstruktor – This year’s Christmas present, a film SLR you put together from a kit. Built only last week so untested yet.

Coronet box camera – Takes 120 film, fun to play with and less than £10 on eBay (and most of that was postage).

Digital is nice and cheap as you just download the images but film can be cheap in black and white too, if you develop it yourself in caffenol. So, all of this equipment has been bought over the course of a couple of years keeping the budget fairly low. If you want to get an idea of the results check out

Flickr Update.

I have done a massive update to my flickr account, take a look at pictures from Nottingham, around the London Excel and from Lourdes in France!

Photography Decision: Digital or Film?

Photography, not something I have blogged about for a while but something I have been doing even if I haven’t got around to updating my flickr account (http:\\ for a while. I have plenty to put up there but I just haven’t had the time recently.
At the moment I am questioning where to go next with my photography in the whole ‘digital vs film’ debate. I have just started a new job having been unemployed for eight months before doing so and the truth is that film photography just ended up becoming too expensive for me. The cost of film, developing (or chemicals if home developing) and so on just became prohibitive so I ended up doing much more digital photography.
I still shoot digital in much the same way as I shoot film really, I’m not someone who just snaps away and taking twenty versions of each shot. Each shot is thought about and done carefully, sure I may sometimes take it twice just to be on the safe side but that is about it. Apart from some exposure comensation on shots I don’t tend to do a lot of post production either. I also love to use my M42 lenses on my Nikon DSLR.
The truth is that I cannot afford Nikon lenses that will give good Bokeh so I use the old lenses for their Bokeh and the look they give the images in general. True, I lose infinity focus because I don’t use an adapter with glass in it (I find it loses some of the look of the old lenses) but I can still get good images. The images my old 50mm Tessar and 135mm Jupiter 37A give are completely different to my Nikon 35-70mm and my Sigma 70-300mm, not that I am knocking the modern lenses as I love them too but I use them all for different things.
I am always going to shoot some film as I love it too much, the look of the images is totally different to digital, but I have learned a new appreciation for digital photography over the last several months. So here is what I am considering doing:
1) Shooting film as my ‘experimental’ and ‘fun’ shots. To be honest, I have had to sell all my medium format cameras to get some money while unemployed so I am down to 35mm now and I think I will stick with that. Expired, redscale, cross processed and other film experiments can be fun sometimes and are best for some projects – sure you can recreate similar (but not identical) effects in post production of digital images but I quite like the unpredictability of using film for this. I will also shoot some black and white to develop myself, more for the sheer fun of doing it than anything else.
2) Use digital for my more ‘serious’ work. Ok, I am not planning to try and become a professional or anything like that but I do like to try and take good pictures sometimes (if you have seen my flickr feed please stop laughing). The only issue with this is my digital camera. Bought second hand as a camera to take on holiday my Nikon D70 is not exactly up to date and real high quality. It doesn’t have a video mode or a black and white mode, the metering is usually slightly off, the auto focus is hit and miss and it occassionally just decides it won’t recognise memory cards unless you take them out and reinsert them half a dozen times, even if it has been recognising it fine for the last few hours. Both my own Samsung Galaxy S4 Zoom phone and the iPhone they have given me at work produce images with a higher MP count and they both use technology 10 years ahead of the D70 so they can (if used carefully) surpass it in quality. What I really need is to upgrade if I am going to try and use the DSLR as my main camera, that is a big layout of cash though. Although I should point out I am talking about getting something like a D3200 or a second hand D5200 so we are talking about £350ish rather than the £1,500+ you can pay for a new DSLR.
So, what do I do? Stick with the ongoing costs of film or try and make the one big layout to improve my DSLR?

Counting down!

Sovereign Nation is available on a Kindle Countdown Deal on from today, if you haven’t read it then give it a try!

The Kindle Countdown Deal starts later this week.

Coffee and photography, part 2.

Well I tried some more caffenol developing and got some good results, although my impatience to dry the negatives led to some scratching! The hurry was due to the same reason for the delay in posting about it, I went on holiday – I still am on holiday in fact so hopefully uploading this from the iPad will work.

The shot at Camden Lock and the back of the signpost are both from Ilford Delta 3200, the other two black and white shots from a roll of Adox Silvermax 100. The fisheye shot is from a roll of Lomography 800 colour film that’s been sitting around for 18 months, a first attempt at colour film in caffenol that has turned out pretty well.

I used the recipe below, made up to one litre, and reused the liquids (caffenol and fixer) for each film (Adox first, then Ilford and finally Lomo).

1/2 tsp Vitamin C powder.
6 tsp Washing Soda Crystals (Robert Dyas)
9 1/2 tsp Coffee
1/2 tsp iodised salt
Diluted to 1 litre.

(11 minutes for the Adox, 12 for the Ilford, 15 for the Lomo) in the developer (agitated for 30 seconds then 3 inversions a minute). Water stop bath, fill and agitate for 1 minute then repeat. Fixer for 5 minutes. Water wash – fill and invert 5 times, then again but 10 inversions and again but 20 times.

Brands used:
Ilford rapid fixer.
Cerebos iodised table salt.
Holland and Barrett pure vitamin c powder.
Nescafé gold blend coffee.
Homecare essentials soda crystals.






Coffee and Photography.

While I’m sure a lot of late night photo shoots are fueled by coffee that’s not what this is about, I don’t even drink coffee. However, I will use it to create the magic potion that is Caffenol!

What is caffenol I hear you ask? Well, I hope you ask. It is a developer for black and white film you can make yourself. At least, that is what I had heard. So, I got together the ingredients – Coffee, Washing Soda and powdered Vitamin C (search online for the Caffenol Cookbook for the appropriate recipes) and the associated equipment to do home developing (check out the many websites devoted to the process for more details, they know way more than I do).

My first attempt was yesterday, done quickly and without much accuracy, on a roll of Adox Silvermax ISO 100. Shockingly I got some useable negatives, some much better than others as I think I overdid the Washing Soda, but useable none the less. The better results are below, more film await developing experiments today.